We at Vivacitas Homes developed a unique way of constructing our buildings using CFS (cold formed steel) frames/panels for the wall and roof systems. We strongly recommend this method with which you can erect buildings in a very short period of time, buildings that can withstand strong seismic activity and strong winds.
The CFS panels are predesigned based on the architectural and structural drawings and are manufactured by automated machines that can be located in any part of the world, as they only need a simple file containing the drawing information.
However, these panels are NOT BE CONSIDERED PREFABRICATED. They are pre-engineered off site in the exact dimensions required by the project, in widths no more than 290 cm and length no more than 1300cm, that way the frames can be loaded easily on a truck or container and shipped worldwide to the construction site. If larger frames are required, they can be manufactured in pieces, transported/shipped in bundles to the site and be fabricated locally, reducing the freight cost.
CFS construction has all the applications as a standard construction method. It is mainly used for houses of up to 3-4 floors, small apartment buildings, office buildings, hotels, schools, hospitals and warehouse or storage facility of any size. Usually, a building with no more than 4 floors can be erected entirely out of CFS panels. Higher buildings (4-12 floors) can be constructed in combination with additional structural systems and/or elements such as HRS (hot rolled steel) or reinforced concrete slabs, columns and beams. Our architects and engineers are responsible for the design of the building type chosen by the client and its appropriate construction system in accordance with all European regulations.
Depending on the local climate, the orientation and the location of the house the needs for insulation vary, which may reduce or increase the final construction cost.
Our projects include all the details and the final energy requirements as well as the yearly cost of energy
In order to fulfil the EU requirements of near zero energy homes in force from 1.1.2020, our design project includes the placement of PV (Photovoltaic) panels on the roof. We are also able to reach a ZERO ENERGY HOUSE status, by properly designing the PV installation and with the optional use of batteries to reduce the load to the grid. The house could be connected to the national grid, but the use of the PV panels will reduce the electricity imported from the grid, and also export electricity to the grid when not used by the house appliances.
When electricity produced by the PV panels and the batterie storage is not sufficient, due to atmospheric conditions, the electricity coming from the grid will be utilized. The intention is that in a period of a year the imported electricity from the grid to be almost even or less to the one produced by the PV panels.
In case that the building can not be connected to a canalization system we recommend that a water treatment system is installed. All the grey and black water will be processed and the filtered water can be used to water the garden. We also recommend the installation of a tank for collecting the rain/snow water, which will be connected to the plumbing system of the house providing a near self-sufficiency.
Since the passive houses, are airtight (0.4-0.8 air changes/hour) the design requires the use of HRV in order to provide fresh air into the house. This unit allows the heat contained within the warm exhausted stale air, coming from rooms such as the bathrooms and the kitchen, to be extracted, and on his way out to heat the incoming lower temperature fresh air. This exchange of heat is achieved without crossing and mixing stale and fresh air streams with one another. The now warm fresh air is directed to the bedrooms and living area, while the stale, cold air is exhausted out of the building. The air circulation is done with pipes installed on the ceiling of the building and their layout is designed by our engineers.
Since the house is well insulated and the HRV warms up the fresh incoming air, there is very little need for extra heating (winter) and cooling (summer). This extra need is provided with the installation of a split air-conditioning unit, with its number and size calculated based on the size and location of the house.
Heat Recovery Ventilation Process
Warm, stale air is drawn out from the kitchen and bathrooms so it can be directed back towards the HRV unit. Fresh, cold external air is drawn in to the HRV unit from the outside. Heat from the warm stale air is extracted and used to heat the fresh incoming air. Importantly, this exchange of heat is achieved without crossing and mixing stale and fresh air streams with one another. The now warm fresh air is directed to the bedrooms and living area. Stale, cold air is exhausted out of the building.
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